Effect Of Ion Pair Formation On Phase Equilibria Of Electrolyte Containing Mixtures

Universities and Institutes of France

France

September 30, 2021

Description

  • Organisation/Company: IFP Energies nouvelles (former Institut Français du Pétrole – IFP)
  • Research Field: Chemistry › Physical chemistry Engineering › Chemical engineering
  • Researcher Profile: First Stage Researcher (R1)
  • Application Deadline: 30/09/2021 10:00 - Europe/Brussels
  • Location: France › Rueil-Malmaison
  • Type Of Contract: Temporary
  • Job Status: Full-time
  • Hours Per Week: 36
  • Offer Starting Date: 01/12/2021
  • Circular economy involves the re-use of waste material as renewable resource. This requires sometimes high technology processes, because high product purities may be required and the waste is generally a complex mixture. The optimization of such a process therefore necessitates a good understanding of the physico-chemical phenomena occurring during the separation steps. These steps are often based on phase separations between an aqueous stream and either a solvent, a vapour or a solid. Such phase equilibrium modelling is performed using thermodynamic models.

    Thermodynamic modelling of aqueous electrolyte systems is particularly challenging because of several difficulties. The first is the complexity of the fluids, possibly containing organic or inorganic molecular species, acids, bases and dissolved metal ions. The presence of ionic species implies taking into account long-range electrostatic interactions between ions in addition to short range ones. The second complexity is related to the physical and/or chemical equilibria occurring within the fluid. These equilibria are very sensitive to the dielectric constant of the medium, that in turn depends on the fluid composition, temperature and pressure. It is therefore needed to couple reactive and physical equilibrium.

    IFPEN has been working on this subject for a number of years, and has developed an equation of state that allows predictive phase equilibrium computations for molecular species. It has been found that the phase equilibrium behaviour of a mixture of water, alcohol together with an acid and a base, is extremely sensitive to ion pairing. This phenomenon can be modelled using a chemical equilibrium approach, but this implies (1) that these new species must be characterized and (2) that a combined chemical and physical equilibrium must be computed. The proposed research theme will focus on the modelling of such systems by investigating the effect of the formation of ion pairs. Multi-component mixtures (acid, base, co-solvent and water) will be used as test examples. New experimental data may need to be acquired.

    Offer Requirements
  • REQUIRED EDUCATION LEVEL
  • Engineering: Master Degree or equivalent

  • REQUIRED LANGUAGES
  • FRENCH: Basic

    Skills/Qualifications

    Good understanding of chemical engineering thermodynamics

    Good capability in computer languages (C or C++ preferred)

    Specific Requirements

    If not fluent, willingness to learn french

    Contact Information
  • Organisation/Company: IFP Energies nouvelles (former Institut Français du Pétrole – IFP)
  • Department: Thermodynamics and molecular simulation
  • Organisation Type: Public Research Institution
  • Website: https:// www. ifpenergiesnouvelles.com/
  • Country: France
  • City: Rueil-Malmaison
  • Postal Code: 92852
  • Street: 4 avenue de Bois-Préau
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